Olivia Howland is a post-doctoral research associate at the University of Liverpool, who has lived and worked in Kenya and Tanzania for 14 years. She is an ethnographer and mostly works in public health related fields, currently working on the HORN project.

Mama Rose (top left): a healer from my ‘home’ village in rural Kenya. She heals problems of the
spleen using skin cutting techniques and aloes grown in her garden. She has vast knowledge
of healing plants, and also treats malaria and fevers.

Mzee Kole (top right): the chairman of one of the group ranches near Magadi in Kenya. The brass ear-weights show that he is an elder of his clan.

Mzee wa Kyuta (bottom left): An elderly man who I met in a village in Northern Tanzania. His teeth are characteristic of people in this area – heavily stained by the high mineral content in the water which is referred to as “maji ya chai” – tea water.

Mzee wa Rukanga (bottom right): I met him doing my MSc fieldwork in 2008 in rural Kenya. He was 104 years old at the time and told me the story of how, when he was a small child, he
remembers his community being banished to Malindi (some 300km away) by the British for
betraying them to the German army.